Many of us paid attention to the fact that hair tends to fall out. We attribute this fact to various reasons — a lack of vitamins caused by the off-season, improperly selected cosmetics or shampoos, or maybe it’s just the result of natural renewal — old hair falls out, and new ones grow.
Indeed, hair loss is a normal physiological phenomenon. The life cycle of a hair is on average 3–6 years (depending on external factors and heredity), then the hair falls out, and new ones grow in place of the fallen ones. However, sometimes the prolapse becomes too active. Baldness can be caused by many different reasons. Increased hair loss caused by one reason or another is called alopecia in medicine.
What is alopecia?
Alopecia in Greek means “baldness“. This is an unnatural hair loss that results in hair loss on the head as well as other parts of the body. The loss can be either partial or complete. Most often, baldness occurs on the scalp. Statistics show that every third inhabitant of the globe suffers from problems associated with hair or scalp, and about 90% of the population of our country are dissatisfied with the condition of their hair! Thus, in most men and women, signs of alopecia appear with age. Of these, only 10% seek medical help, although in most cases the problem of baldness can and should be treated!
Treatment of alopecia in men
We already know that moderate hair loss is perfectly acceptable if it does not exceed 100 pieces during the day. And there is no reason to worry about this since new ones will grow in place of the lost ones. If a failure occurs in the body, then the continuity of the hair growth process is disrupted and it is necessary to prescribe the correct treatment for baldness.
To determine the moment when you need to think about a visit to the doctor, you can use a simple test. You should squeeze the strand with your fingers and run along the entire length of the curl. Have you counted more than ten lost hairs in your hand? Be sure to find time and sign up for a consultation with a trichologist who will prescribe treatment.
Often, hair begins to fall out due to an unbalanced diet. The lack of certain trace elements, vitamins, and other nutrients has a detrimental effect on the structure of the hair and the functionality of the hair follicles. In this case, the treatment of alopecia in men is to follow a special diet, which is as follows:
- inclusion in the diet of vegetable oils instead of animal fats;
- exclusion of flour products and sweets;
- complete rejection of alcoholic and carbonated drinks;
- the use of marine fish and seafood rich in polyunsaturated fats;
- inclusion in the menu of dishes from the beef liver;
- use vegetables and herbs to prepare side dishes.
To achieve the desired result, adhering to the prescribed diet should be at least 2 months.
The use of drugs allows you to eliminate the source of the problem that caused such negative consequences. If baldness is caused by an exacerbation of the chronic disease, it is necessary to direct efforts to stabilize the patient’s condition. But modern pharmaceuticals offer drugs whose action is aimed directly at the treatment of hair loss, including:
- Minoxidil — the drug is applied to the scalp and is widely used in the presence of hormonal imbalances and age-related changes.
- Finasteride is used for androgenetic alopecia and is a prescription drug. Produced in tablet form.
- Selin is a remedy prescribed for diffuse alopecia. The composition of the drug includes biologically active substances of plant and mineral origin, which stimulate growth and improve the structure of the hair.
Propecia can be purchased in local pharmacy stores as well as online prescription services, Canada drugs being one of the go-to examples. In addition to that, consultations are offered to help you choose the right dosage.
To stop hair loss in alopecia areata, corticosteroids are prescribed, which can activate hair growth, but, unfortunately, they are not able to eliminate the main cause of the pathology. Vitamin complexes are not recommended to be taken on their own without an appointment by a specialist and laboratory tests!
Methods for the treatment of alopecia in women
The best results in hair loss treatment are usually achieved in the early stages of diagnosing alopecia (hair loss). There is only one explanation for this — long-term androgenetic alopecia can destroy a large number of hair follicles and then nothing will help. If you start using antiandrogens after a long period of hair loss, it can only prevent further baldness and stimulate the growth of a small amount of new hair from dormant follicles. But stopping treatment for baldness can lead to the resumption of intense hair loss if androgens are not restrained in some other way.
Androgen receptor inhibitors
The following is a list of drugs that are most commonly used today to treat alopecia in women. Some of these drugs have not been approved by the FDA specifically for the treatment of female hair loss, but most have been approved for other uses. The effectiveness of these tools and methods can be variable. Remember! Before starting the treatment of hair loss, you should collect as much information as possible about existing drugs, methods of treatment, and prevention of hair loss and be sure to consult with doctors, for example, you can consult a dermatologist, or rather a trichologist.
Aldactone / Spinorolactone. The drug is in a class of medications called potassium-sparing diuretics (diuretics). Spironolactone, as an antiandrogen, works in two directions. First of all, it slows down the production of androgens in the adrenal glands and ovaries. Secondly, it blocks the action of androgens in preventing dihydrotestosterone from binding to its androgenetic receptors.
Nizoral/Ketoconazole. Available as a topical treatment by prescription. Ketoconazole is currently used as an antifungal agent to treat fungal infections. Due to this action, it can be used to treat hair loss.
Propecia. The drug inhibits (suppresses) the enzyme 5-alpha reductase. It works well enough for most men to prevent hair loss and trigger hair regrowth. This drug may also work for some women, although women should not take it if they are pregnant.
Cosmetic procedures have also proven to be highly effective methods. The greatest efficiency was obtained from mesotherapy, plasma therapy, and Apparatus Darsonval.
Mesotherapy — is multiple microinjections performed on the scalp using a special device.
Plasma therapy — treatment of hair loss by this method consists in conducting a course of injections of one’s blood plasma directly into the bald patches.
Apparatus Darsonval — performed using the Darsonval apparatus. The impact of currents of a certain frequency on the follicles activates their vital activity and improves blood circulation.
Remember that treating alopecia in the early stages of development will stop the pathology and avoid complete hair loss on the head.